What Is Meant By An Inorganic Society?

By Plinio Corrêa de Oliveira *

What would an inorganic society be like?

It would resemble a machine. That is to say, all its parts would be moved by the will of a single external and centralized agent much in the way a person turns on a machine. The obedience of each of its parts to this agent would be absolutely blind and impersonal. The form and task of each part (and of the whole) would be susceptible to any modifications deemed advisable by technicians according to their own theoretical conceptions of things.

How would this be done in society? Through absolute socialism. In fact, the socialist State disregards the family and other intermediary social groups. Socialists can imagine no other means of action than governing through a vast bureaucracy where each part naturally act as slaves, obeying the directives of a centralized power. Moving exclusively under these directives, each government office acts as control points in an immense power grid covering the whole country through whose wires the central bureaucracy sends electric currents into circulation when and as it pleases.

This manner of organizing society is rigid. To build this grid, a theoretician conceives beforehand all the parts of this machine-State. A decree or law brings it into existence. This machine will then exist precisely as the law or decree prescribes until some other law or decree rules otherwise. Nothing could be more rigid, and yet nothing could be more changeable. All that is needed is a new law and this whole mechanism becomes an entirely different one, leaving no trace or vestige of what it once was. Like molten metal cast into a new mold, it retains no trace of its former shape.

This is a brief description of an inorganic society.