What is the State?

John Jay, an American politician, statesman, diplomat, a Founding Father of the United States, and the first Chief Justice of the United States.

John Jay, an American politician, statesman, diplomat, a Founding Father of the United States, and the first Chief Justice of the United States.

The historian Roland Mousnier defines the state in the following manner:

“The state is a spontaneous, natural organism, resulting from the needs inherent in human nature, issuing from the natural laws that govern the development of societies, which are necessary facts, independent of man’s will. The state comes into being spontaneously, without men thinking about it. When men start to be aware of the state, it has already existed long since.”


(Taken from Roland Mousnier, The Institutions of France Under the Absolute Monarchy 1598-1789, Society and State, University of Chicago Press, Chicago, 1979, p. 646.)

 

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