Three Reasons Why Monopolies Must Be Opposed

James_Ward_-_The_Reapers_-_Google_Art_Project-300x221 Three Reasons Why Monopolies Must Be OpposedThroughout the Middle Ages, monopolies were regarded with universal disapproval. Julius Kirshner lists three reasons:

1. By enhancing the price, monopolists sold something for more than it was worth, which was against the idea of equality underlying commutative justice.

2. Exploitation in whatever form was against the precept of charity and brotherly love.

3. Monopolies were injurious to the commonweal, because monopolists not only increased prices, but also withheld supplies from the market and thus created artificial scarcity.

Adapted from Julius Kirshner, ed., Business, Banking and Economic Thought in Late Subscription111 Three Reasons Why Monopolies Must Be OpposedMedieval and Early Modern Europe, Selected Studies of Raymond de Roover, University of Chicago Press, Chicago, 1974, p. 278-279.