This revolution shook the West with riots and protests in Berkeley and Columbia in the United States and massive student demonstrations in the Sorbonne University in France. These protests were eventually suppressed. However, these manifestations should not be judged a failure.
Indeed, Herbert Marcuse, who became an unwilling guru of this revolution, later said that ‘it is stupid to describe 1968 as a defeat.’ Historian Fernand Braudel explains that “1968 shook the foundation of society, broke habits and taboos, even destroyed apathy: the fabric of family and society was sufficiently torn for new life styles to be created at every level of society. It is in this sense that it really was a cultural revolution.” (Fernand Braudel, Civilization and Capitalism 15th-18th Century: The Perspective of the World, University of California Press, Berkeley, 1984, p. 625.)